DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

Liberty - The American Revolution - 5/6

« Liberty - The American Revolution - 4/6

Liberty - The American Revolution - 6/6 »

Description

From Wikipedia

Liberty - The American Revolution
Episode Five

The World Turned Upside Down 1778-1783

In 1778, the war over the rebellion in North America became international, spreading not only to Europe but to European colonies in the West Indies and in India. After learning of the American victory at Saratoga France signed the Treaty of Alliance with the United States on February 6, 1778. Spain entered the war as an ally of France in June 1779, a renewal of the Bourbon Family Compact. Unlike France, Spain initially refused to recognize the independence of the United States, because Spain was not keen on encouraging similar anti-colonial rebellions in the Spanish Empire. Both countries had quietly provided assistance to the Americans since the beginning of the war, hoping to dilute British power. So too had the Dutch Republic, which was formally brought into the war at the end of 1780.

In London King George III gave up hope of subduing America by more armies while Britain had a European war to fight. "It was a joke," he said, "to think of keeping Pennsylvania." There was no hope of recovering New England. But the King was determined "never to acknowledge the independence of the Americans, and to punish their contumacy by the indefinite prolongation of a war which promised to be eternal."His plan was to keep the 30,000 men garrisoned in New York, Rhode Island, Quebec, and Florida; other forces would attack the French and Spanish in the West Indies. To punish the Americans the King planned to destroy their coasting-trade, bombard their ports; sack and burn towns along the coast (as Benedict Arnold did to New London, Connecticut in 1781), and turn loose the Native Americans to attack civilians in frontier settlements. These operations, the King felt, would inspire the Loyalists; would splinter the Congress; and "would keep the rebels harassed, anxious, and poor, until the day when, by a natural and inevitable process, discontent and disappointment were converted into penitence and remorse" and they would beg to return to his authority.The plan meant destruction for the Loyalists and loyal Native Americans, an indefinite prolongation of a costly war, and the risk of disaster as the French and Spanish assembled an armada to invade the British Isles. The British planned to re-subjugate the rebellious colonies after dealing with their European allies.

Tags

Other videos in channel "The Revolution":

American Revolution e01 The Conflict Ignites American Revolution e01 The Conflict Ignites American Revolution e02 1776 American Revolution e02 1776 American Revolution e03 Washington & Arnold American Revolution e03 Washington & Arnold
American Revolution e04 The World At War American Revolution e04 The World At War American Revolution e05 England's Last Chance American Revolution e05 England's Last Chance
American Revolution e06 Birth Of The Republic American Revolution e06 Birth Of The Republic American Revolution e07 Biography George Washington American Revolution e07 Biography George Washington American Revolution e08 Biography Benjamin Franklin American Revolution e08 Biography Benjamin Franklin
American Revolution e09 Biography Paul Revere American Revolution e09 Biography Paul Revere American Revolution e10 Biography Benedict Arnold American Revolution e10 Biography Benedict Arnold
Decisive Battles - Kings Mountain 1780 Decisive Battles - Kings Mountain 1780 Liberty - The American Revolution - 1/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 1/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 2/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 2/6
Liberty - The American Revolution - 3/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 3/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 4/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 4/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 5/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 5/6
Liberty - The American Revolution - 6/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 6/6 Rebels and Redcoats 01 Rebels and Redcoats 01 The Revolution 01 Boston Bloody Boston The Revolution 01 Boston Bloody Boston
The Revolution 02 Rebelling to Revolution The Revolution 02 Rebelling to Revolution The Revolution 03 Declaring Independence The Revolution 03 Declaring Independence The Revolution 04 American Crisis The Revolution 04 American Crisis
The Revolution 05 Path to World War The Revolution 05 Path to World War The Revolution 06 Forging An Enemy The Revolution 06 Forging An Enemy The Revolution 07 Treason & Betrayal The Revolution 07 Treason & Betrayal
The Revolution 08 The War Heads South The Revolution 08 The War Heads South The Revolution 09 A Hornet's Nest The Revolution 09 A Hornet's Nest The Revolution 10 The End Game The Revolution 10 The End Game
The Revolution 11 Becoming A Nation The Revolution 11 Becoming A Nation The Revolution 12 Road To The Presidency The Revolution 12 Road To The Presidency The Revolution 13 A President And His Revolution The Revolution 13 A President And His Revolution
The Story of Us 02 - Revolution The Story of Us 02 - Revolution Valley Forge - The Crucible Valley Forge - The Crucible War That Made America War That Made America
Washington's Generals- Marquis de Lafayette Washington's Generals- Marquis de Lafayette    
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured