DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

American Revolution e08 Biography Benjamin Franklin

« American Revolution e07 Biography George Washington

American Revolution e09 Biography Paul Revere »

Description

American Revolution
e08 Benjamin Franklin
Citizen of the World

From Wikipedia

Benjamin Franklin
(January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790)
was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, satirist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. He invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, a carriage odometer, and the glass 'armonica'. He formed both the first public lending library in America and the first fire department in Pennsylvania.

Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity; as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies, then as the first United States Ambassador to France, he exemplified the emerging American nation. Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical and democratic values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment. In the words of historian Henry Steele Commager, "In a Franklin could be merged the virtues of Puritanism without its defects, the illumination of the Enlightenment without its heat." To Walter Isaacson, this makes Franklin "the most accomplished American of his age and the most influential in inventing the type of society America would become."

Franklin, always proud of his working class roots, became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, the leading city in the colonies. He was also partners with William Goddard and Joseph Galloway the three of whom published the Pennsylvania Chronicle, a newspaper that was known for its revolutionary sentiments and criticisms of the British monarchy in the American colonies.  He became wealthy publishing Poor Richard's Almanack and The Pennsylvania Gazette. Franklin gained international renown as a scientist for his famous experiments in electricity and for his many inventions, especially the lightning rod. He played a major role in establishing the University of Pennsylvania and was elected the first president of the American Philosophical Society. Franklin became a national hero in America when he spearheaded the effort to have Parliament repeal the unpopular Stamp Act. An accomplished diplomat, he was widely admired among the French as American minister to Paris and was a major figure in the development of positive Franco-American relations. For many years he was the British postmaster for the colonies, which enabled him to set up the first national communications network. He was active in community affairs, colonial and state politics, as well as national and international affairs. From 1785 to 1788, he served as governor of Pennsylvania. Toward the end of his life, he freed his slaves and became one of the most prominent abolitionists.

His colorful life and legacy of scientific and political achievement, and status as one of America's most influential Founding Fathers, have seen Franklin honored on coinage and money; warships; the names of many towns, counties, educational institutions, namesakes, and companies; and more than two centuries after his death, countless cultural references.

Other videos in channel "The Revolution":

American Revolution e01 The Conflict Ignites American Revolution e01 The Conflict Ignites American Revolution e02 1776 American Revolution e02 1776 American Revolution e03 Washington & Arnold American Revolution e03 Washington & Arnold
American Revolution e04 The World At War American Revolution e04 The World At War American Revolution e05 England's Last Chance American Revolution e05 England's Last Chance
American Revolution e06 Birth Of The Republic American Revolution e06 Birth Of The Republic American Revolution e07 Biography George Washington American Revolution e07 Biography George Washington American Revolution e08 Biography Benjamin Franklin American Revolution e08 Biography Benjamin Franklin
American Revolution e09 Biography Paul Revere American Revolution e09 Biography Paul Revere American Revolution e10 Biography Benedict Arnold American Revolution e10 Biography Benedict Arnold
Decisive Battles - Kings Mountain 1780 Decisive Battles - Kings Mountain 1780 Liberty - The American Revolution - 1/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 1/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 2/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 2/6
Liberty - The American Revolution - 3/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 3/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 4/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 4/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 5/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 5/6
Liberty - The American Revolution - 6/6 Liberty - The American Revolution - 6/6 Rebels and Redcoats 01 Rebels and Redcoats 01 The Revolution 01 Boston Bloody Boston The Revolution 01 Boston Bloody Boston
The Revolution 02 Rebelling to Revolution The Revolution 02 Rebelling to Revolution The Revolution 03 Declaring Independence The Revolution 03 Declaring Independence The Revolution 04 American Crisis The Revolution 04 American Crisis
The Revolution 05 Path to World War The Revolution 05 Path to World War The Revolution 06 Forging An Enemy The Revolution 06 Forging An Enemy The Revolution 07 Treason & Betrayal The Revolution 07 Treason & Betrayal
The Revolution 08 The War Heads South The Revolution 08 The War Heads South The Revolution 09 A Hornet's Nest The Revolution 09 A Hornet's Nest The Revolution 10 The End Game The Revolution 10 The End Game
The Revolution 11 Becoming A Nation The Revolution 11 Becoming A Nation The Revolution 12 Road To The Presidency The Revolution 12 Road To The Presidency The Revolution 13 A President And His Revolution The Revolution 13 A President And His Revolution
The Story of Us 02 - Revolution The Story of Us 02 - Revolution Valley Forge - The Crucible Valley Forge - The Crucible War That Made America War That Made America
Washington's Generals- Marquis de Lafayette Washington's Generals- Marquis de Lafayette    
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured