DocuWatch on Facebook
Art America Britain History Science Societies War Shop
DocuWatch

33 - Harry Truman
Harry S Truman - President
Truman
Truman

« 32 - Franklin D. Roosevelt

34 - Dwight D. Eisenhower »

Description

Harry Truman

From Wikipedia

Harry S. Truman
(May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972)
was the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953). As President Franklin D. Roosevelt's third vice president and the 34th Vice President of the United States (1945), he succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when President Roosevelt died less than three months after beginning his unprecedented fourth term.

During World War I, Truman served in combat in France as an artillery officer in his National Guard unit. After the war, he joined the Democratic Party political machine of Tom Pendergast in Kansas City, Missouri. He was elected a county official and in 1934 United States senator. After he had gained national prominence as head of the wartime Truman Committee, Truman replaced vice president Henry A. Wallace as Roosevelt's running mate in 1944.

Truman faced many challenges in domestic affairs. The disorderly postwar reconversion of the economy of the United States was marked by severe shortages, numerous strikes, and the passage of the Taft–Hartley Act over his veto. He confounded all predictions to win election in 1948, helped by his famous Whistle Stop Tour of rural America. After his election, he passed only one of the proposals in his liberal Fair Deal program. He used executive orders to end racial discrimination in the armed forces and created loyalty checks that dismissed thousands of communist supporters from office.

Truman's presidency was also eventful in foreign affairs, with the defeat of Nazi Germany and his decision to use nuclear weapons against Japan, the founding of the United Nations, the Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, the Truman Doctrine to contain communism, the beginning of the Cold War, the Berlin Airlift, the creation of NATO, the Chinese Civil War, and the Korean War. Corruption in Truman's administration, which was linked to certain members in the cabinet and senior White House staff, was a central issue in the 1952 presidential campaign and helped cause Adlai Stevenson, Truman's successor for the Democratic nomination for the presidency, to lose to Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1952 presidential election.

Truman, in sharp contrast to the imperious Roosevelt who kept personal control of all major decisions, was a folksy, unassuming president who relied on his cabinet. He popularized such phrases as "The buck stops here" and "If you can't stand the heat, you better get out of the kitchen." His approval ratings in the polls started out very high, then steadily sank until he was one of the most unpopular men to leave the White House. Popular and scholarly assessments of his presidency eventually became more positive after his retirement from politics. Truman's legendary upset victory in 1948 over Thomas E. Dewey is routinely invoked by underdog presidential candidates.

Tags

Other videos in channel "The Presidents":

01 - George Washington (1788-1797) 01 - George Washington (1788-1797) 03 - Thomas Jefferson 03 - Thomas Jefferson 06 - John Quincy Adams 06 - John Quincy Adams
07 - Andrew Jackson 07 - Andrew Jackson 15 - James Buchanan (1857-1861) 15 - James Buchanan (1857-1861)
16 - Abraham Lincoln 16 - Abraham Lincoln 26 - Theodore Roosevelt 26 - Theodore Roosevelt 28 - Woodrow Wilson 28 - Woodrow Wilson
32 - Franklin D. Roosevelt 32 - Franklin D. Roosevelt 33 - Harry Truman 33 - Harry Truman
34 - Dwight D. Eisenhower 34 - Dwight D. Eisenhower 35 - Jack Kennedy 35 - Jack Kennedy 36 - Lyndon Baines Johnson 36 - Lyndon Baines Johnson
37 - Richard Nixon 37 - Richard Nixon 39 - Jimmy Carter 39 - Jimmy Carter 40 - Ronald Reagan 40 - Ronald Reagan
41 - George H. W. Bush 41 - George H. W. Bush 42 - Bill Clinton 42 - Bill Clinton Eisenhower Farewell Address Eisenhower Farewell Address
George H. W. Bush's George H. W. Bush's "Toward a New World Order" Speech JFK - JFK - "Ich bin ein Berliner" (1963) JFK Cuban Missle Crisis Address JFK Cuban Missle Crisis Address
Jimmy Carter: Crisis of Confidence Jimmy Carter: Crisis of Confidence Kennedy-Nixon Debate Kennedy-Nixon Debate President Eisenhower 1953 Inaugural Address President Eisenhower 1953 Inaugural Address
President Franklin Roosevelt 1933 Inauguration President Franklin Roosevelt 1933 Inauguration President George W. Bush - The 9/11 Interview President George W. Bush - The 9/11 Interview President Johnson 1965 Inaugural Address President Johnson 1965 Inaugural Address
President Kennedy 1961 Inaugural Address President Kennedy 1961 Inaugural Address President Nixon's First Watergate Speech (April 30, 1973) President Nixon's First Watergate Speech (April 30, 1973) President Nixon's Third Watergate Speech (April 29, 1974) President Nixon's Third Watergate Speech (April 29, 1974)
President Reagan's Farewell Speech President Reagan's Farewell Speech Reagan's Address at the Brandenburg Gate Reagan's Address at the Brandenburg Gate The Clinton Chronicles The Clinton Chronicles
The Presidents 01 - 1789-1825  Washington to Monroe The Presidents 01 - 1789-1825 Washington to Monroe The Presidents 02 - 1825-1849  John Q Adams to Polk The Presidents 02 - 1825-1849 John Q Adams to Polk The Presidents 03 - Taylor to Lincoln 1849-1865 The Presidents 03 - Taylor to Lincoln 1849-1865
The Presidents 04 - Andrew Johnson to Arthur 1865-1885 The Presidents 04 - Andrew Johnson to Arthur 1865-1885 The Presidents 05 - Cleveland to Taft 1885-1913 The Presidents 05 - Cleveland to Taft 1885-1913 The Presidents 06 -  Wilson to Franklin D. Roosevelt 1913-1945 The Presidents 06 - Wilson to Franklin D. Roosevelt 1913-1945
The Presidents 07 - Truman to Ford 1945-1977 The Presidents 07 - Truman to Ford 1945-1977 The Presidents 08 - Carter to George W. Bush 1977- 2008 The Presidents 08 - Carter to George W. Bush 1977- 2008  
Video channels
Videos in this channel
AdSense
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured
Featured