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16 - Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln - Man Or Myth
Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Biography
The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
The Lincoln Assassination
Abraham Lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
(February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865)

was the 16th President of the United States. He successfully led the country through its greatest internal crisis, the American Civil War, preserving the Union and ending slavery. Before his election in 1860 as the first Republican president, Lincoln had been a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, a member of the United States House of Representatives, and twice an unsuccessful candidate for election to the U.S. Senate. As an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery in the United States,  Lincoln won the Republican Party nomination in 1860 and was elected president later that year. His tenure in office was occupied primarily with the defeat of the secessionist Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. He introduced measures that resulted in the abolition of slavery, issuing his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoting the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution. As the civil war was drawing to a close, Lincoln became the first American president to be assassinated.

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Lincoln closely supervised the victorious war effort, especially the selection of top generals, including Ulysses S. Grant. Historians have concluded that he handled the factions of the Republican Party well, bringing leaders of each faction into his cabinet and forcing them to cooperate. Lincoln successfully defused the Trent affair, a war scare with Britain, in 1861. Under his leadership, the Union took control of the border slave states at the start of the war. Additionally, he managed his own reelection in the 1864 presidential election.

Copperheads and other opponents of the war criticized Lincoln for refusing to compromise on the slavery issue. Conversely, the Radical Republicans, an abolitionist faction of the Republican Party, criticized him for moving too slowly in abolishing slavery. Even with these road blocks, Lincoln successfully rallied public opinion through his rhetoric and speeches; his Gettysburg Address is but one example of this. At the close of the war, Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction, seeking to speedily reunite the nation through a policy of generous reconciliation. His successor in the White House, Andrew Johnson, also wanted reconciliation among white Americans, but failed to protect the rights of newly freed slaves. Abraham Lincoln has consistently been ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.

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Other videos in channel "The Presidents":

01 - George Washington (1788-1797) 01 - George Washington (1788-1797) 03 - Thomas Jefferson 03 - Thomas Jefferson 06 - John Quincy Adams 06 - John Quincy Adams
07 - Andrew Jackson 07 - Andrew Jackson 15 - James Buchanan (1857-1861) 15 - James Buchanan (1857-1861)
16 - Abraham Lincoln 16 - Abraham Lincoln 26 - Theodore Roosevelt 26 - Theodore Roosevelt 28 - Woodrow Wilson 28 - Woodrow Wilson
32 - Franklin D. Roosevelt 32 - Franklin D. Roosevelt 33 - Harry Truman 33 - Harry Truman
34 - Dwight D. Eisenhower 34 - Dwight D. Eisenhower 35 - Jack Kennedy 35 - Jack Kennedy 36 - Lyndon Baines Johnson 36 - Lyndon Baines Johnson
37 - Richard Nixon 37 - Richard Nixon 39 - Jimmy Carter 39 - Jimmy Carter 40 - Ronald Reagan 40 - Ronald Reagan
41 - George H. W. Bush 41 - George H. W. Bush 42 - Bill Clinton 42 - Bill Clinton Eisenhower Farewell Address Eisenhower Farewell Address
George H. W. Bush's George H. W. Bush's "Toward a New World Order" Speech JFK - JFK - "Ich bin ein Berliner" (1963) JFK Cuban Missle Crisis Address JFK Cuban Missle Crisis Address
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