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Civil War at Sea

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Civil War at Sea

From Wikipedia

The naval engagements of the American Civil War changed the foundations of naval warfare due to the first-time use of ironclads and submarines, and the introduction of newer and more powerful naval artillery.
The first shots of the naval war were fired on April 13, 1861, during the Battle of Fort Sumter, by the Revenue Service cutter USRC Harriet Lane and the final on June 22, 1865, by the Confederate raider CSS Shenandoah, in the Bering Strait, more than two months after General Robert E. Lee's surrender of the Confederate Army.

naval_battles_of_the_american_civil_war.jpg

First Battle of Fort Sumter  April 13, 1861  April 14, 1861  First shots of the naval war fired, first battle of the war.
Battle of Gloucester Point  May 7, 1861  May 7, 1861  First naval battle of the war.
Battle of Sewell's Point  May 18, 1861  May 19, 1861 
Battle of Aquia Creek  May 29, 1861  June 1, 1861  First use of torpedoes by Confederate forces in combat.
Battle of Pig Point  June 5, 1861  June 5, 1861 
Battle of Mathias Point  June 27, 1861  June 27, 1861 
Sinking of the Petrel  July 28, 1861  July 28, 1861  One of the last naval battles in history involving a privateer ship.
Battle of Cockle Creek  October 5, 1861  October 5, 1861 
Battle of the Head of Passes  October 12, 1861  October 12, 1861 
Battle of Port Royal  November 7, 1861  November 7, 1861  First major naval battle of the war.
Battle of Cockpit Point  January 3, 1862  January 3, 1862
 
Battle of Lucas Bend  January 11, 1862  January 11, 1862  Last naval battle in history involving the use of timberclad warships performing a major combat role.

Battle of Fort Henry  February 6, 1862  February 6, 1862 
Battle of Elizabeth City  February 10, 1862  February 10, 1862 
Battle of Hampton Roads  March 8, 1862  March 9, 1862  First naval battle involving ironclad warships.
Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip  April 16, 1862  April 28, 1862  Led to the Union capture of New Orleans.
Battle of Island Number Ten  February 28, 1862  April 8, 1862  First Confederate defeat on the Mississippi River.
Battle of Plum Point Bend  May 10, 1862  May 10, 1862 
Battle of Drewry's Bluff  May 15, 1862  May 15, 1862 

Battle of Memphis  June 6, 1862  June 6, 1862  Last time in history civilians with no military or naval experience were permitted to command warships in combat.

Battle of Saint Charles  June 17, 1862  June 17, 1862 
Battle of Tampa  June 30, 1862  July 1, 1862 
Battle of Corpus Christi  August 12, 1862  August 18, 1862 
Battle of Galveston Harbor  October 4, 1862  October 4, 1862 
Battle of Crumpler's Bluff  October 3, 1862  October 3, 1862
 
Battle of Fort Hindman  January 9, 1863  January 11, 1863  Led to the largest surrender of Confederate troops west of the Mississippi River prior to the end of the war.

Battle off Galveston Lighthouse  January 11, 1863  January 11, 1863 
Battle of Fort McAllister  March 3, 1863  March 3, 1863 
Battle of Fort Pemberton  March 11, 1863  March 11, 1863 
First Battle of Charleston Harbor  April 7, 1863  April 7, 1863 
Battle of Wassaw Sound  June 17, 1863  June 17, 1863 
Battle of Portland Harbor  June 27, 1863  June 27, 1863 
First Battle of Fort Wagner  July 10, 1863  July 11, 1863 
Second Battle of Fort Wagner  July 18, 1863  July 18, 1863 
Second Battle of Charleston Harbor  August 17, 1863  September 8, 1863
Second Battle of Sabine Pass  September 8, 1863  September 8, 1863  Most one sided Confederate victory of the war.
Second Battle of Fort Sumter  September 9, 1863  September 9, 1863
 
Attack on USS New Ironsides  October 5, 1863  October 5, 1863  CSS David becomes the first torpedo boat to make a successful attack on an enemy warship in combat.

Battle of Fort Brooke  October 16, 1863  October 18, 1863 

Sinking of USS Housatonic  February 17, 1864  February 17, 1864  H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to sink an enemy warship in combat.

Battle of Fort Pillow  April 12, 1864  April 12, 1864 
Battle of Plymouth  April 17, 1864  April 20, 1864 
Battle of Albemarle Sound  May 5, 1864  May 5, 1864 
Battle of Cherbourg  June 19, 1864  June 19, 1864  Led to the sinking of the Confederate raider CSS Alabama.
Battle of Mobile Bay  August 2, 1864  August 23, 1864  Greatest Union naval victory of the war.

Bahia Incident  October 7, 1864  October 7, 1864  Led to the capture of the Confederate raider CSS Florida, international incident with Brazil.

Capture of Plymouth  October 29, 1864  October 31, 1864 
Jamesville Incident  December 9, 1864  December 9, 1864 
Second Battle of Fort Fisher  January 13, 1865  Januery 15, 1865  Largest amphibious assault of the war.
Battle of Trent's Reach  January 23, 1865  January 25, 1865  One of the final major naval battles of the war.
Blockade of the South  April 19, 1861  1865  Part of the Anaconda Plan.

Tags

civil war   war   navy   navies   conflict   maritime   naval  

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